Using UITableView

Table views are the center of many iOS applications and have many features to customize their appearance and behavior. The sections below cover basic as well as more custom table views.

Download the sample code here.

Basic Table View

Step 1: Create a view controller

Create a view controller, and drag a UITableView into the view, as shown below.

Step 2: Create a table view outlet

Control-drag from the view to the implementation file to create an outlet to the UITableView.

Step 3: Set the datasource and delegate

Declare that the class implements the table view datasource and delegate protocols. Look for the class declaration at the top of your Swift file. Add UITableViewDataSource and UITableViewDelegate after UIViewController. Note that there will be an error that your class doesn't implement the required UITableViewDataSource functions. The error won't go away until you complete Step 4 below.

class YourViewController: UIViewController, UITableViewDataSource, UITableViewDelegate {

In viewDidLoad, configure the datasource and delegate of the table view.

override func viewDidLoad() {

    tableView.delegate = self
    tableView.dataSource = self

Step 4: Implement the table view methods

There are many table view methods, but the only required methods are to set the number of rows for the table view and to return the cell for each row.

func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, numberOfRowsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
    return 5

func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {
    let cell = UITableViewCell()
    cell.textLabel?.text = "This is row \(indexPath.row)"

    return cell

Table View with Custom Cells

In practice, a UITableViewCell is rarely appropriate for your table views. Instead, you'll often need to create a custom cell with different subviews and custom highlight and selection effects. To create and use a custom cell, follow the steps below.

Step 1: Create the custom cell

In Storyboard, drag a UITableViewCell onto the table view. Create a new Swift file for the custom cell. It should be a subclass of UITableViewCell. Select the UITableViewCell in Storyboard and type in the name of the custom cell in the Identity Inspector.


Then, in the Attribute Inspector, set the Identifier of the custom cell.


Create outlets to the custom cell class for any view you want to configure in code.

Step 2: Dequeue the cell

func tableView(tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {
    let cell = tableView.dequeueReusableCell(withIdentifier: "YourCustomCell") as! YourCustomCell

    // Configure YourCustomCell using the outlets that you've defined.

    return cell

Passing Data from Table View Cells

When a user taps a cell in your table view, we will often want to navigate to another view controller that contains information related to the cell that was tapped. In order to do this, we will need to figure out which cell was tapped, and then pass the relevant data from that cell to the next view controller.

The basic setup for this Use Case will include two UIViewControllers with a UINavigationController.

  • The first ViewController will contain a UITableView and a UITableViewCell with a UILabel inside it. We will refer to this ViewController as CustomTableViewController
  • The Second ViewController will contain a UILabel. We will refer to this ViewController as DetailViewController
  • We will Embed the CustomTableViewController in a NavigationController to enable push navigation between the CustomTableViewController and the DetailViewController.

Step 1: Create a ViewController with a TableView

Step 2: Create a Custom Cell

Step 3: Embed in Navigation Controller

In this Use Case, we will Embed in a Navigation Controller to our TableViewViewController.

Step 4: Create the Detail View Controller

  • Add a new UIViewController to the Storyboard to serve as the Detail ViewController.
  • Create a Custom Swift ViewController File called, DetailViewController and associate it with the Detail ViewController in Storyboard. Create the Custom Swift View Controller

  • Add a UILabel to the Detail ViewController.

  • Create an outlet from the Label in Storyboard to the DetailViewController File.

Step 5: Setup the Detail View Controller Outlets and Variables

In this demo, we will simply display the index value in the label of the DetailViewController to prove that we know which cell was tapped. In a real application, the index could be used to pull out corresponding data from arrays or dictionaries.

  • Create an Instance Variable to hold the index data that will be passed from the CustomTableViewController.
var index: Int!
  • Set the text of the Label within the viewDidLoad method.
label.text = ("You tapped the cell at index \(index)")

Step 6: Create a Segue from the Cell to the Detail ViewController

Since we have embedded in a navigation controller, we will want to create a Push Segue from the Cell in the CustomTableViewController to the DetailViewController

  • ctrl + drag from the Cell in the Document Outline to the DetailViewController and choose Push to create a Push Segue.

At this Point, taping a cell in the tableView should take you to the detail ViewController, however you will notice that the detail ViewController's label displays an index of nil. This is because we haven't passed any data to the DetailViewController yet. We will handle that in the next steps.

Step 7: Pass the Data

We need to add a prepare method in our CustomTableViewController file. The prepare method is called right before any segue happens from that ViewController. This will give us the opportunity to pass any data we need to the DetailViewController right before the segue happens.

Segues know where they are coming from, segue.sourceViewController and where they are going to, segue.destinationViewController. We can get in touch with the DetailViewController easily by referencing segue.destinationViewController, since that is where the Segue is going. If we want to access variable properties in the DetailViewController, we just need to add, as! DetailViewController to let swift know that we are not just taking about ANY old destinationViewController, we are talking about the one that is DetailViewController. At this point, we have full access to anything in the DetailViewController!

  • Add and configure the prepare method to the CustomTableViewController file.
override func prepare(for segue: UIStoryboardSegue, sender: AnyObject?) {
    // Get the index path from the cell that was tapped
    let indexPath = tableView.indexPathForSelectedRow
    // Get the Row of the Index Path and set as index 
    let index = indexPath?.row
    // Get in touch with the DetailViewController
    let detailViewController = segue.destinationViewController as! DetailViewController
    // Pass on the data to the Detail ViewController by setting it's indexPathRow value
    detailViewController.index = index          

Now that the Data is being passed, the Label inside the DetailViewController should reflect the index of the cell that you clicked on in the table view!

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